Authenticity of Bible
The Authenticity of the Scriptures according to the Quran
Muslims are assiduously taught to believe, and do for the most part profess to believe, that the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments now in circulation are not genuine. The reasons commonly advanced for such belief are that the original writings have been:
(1) Corrupted, i.e. tampered with, (muharraf). It is contended that there have been, at some time or other, alterations, omissions, and additions in our Scriptures; in particular that statements about the Deity and Son-ship of Christ, the Trinity, the death on the cross and subsequent resurrection, have been deliberately inserted, where references to Muhammad have been suppressed.
(2) Abrogated, annulled, (mansukh) i.e. by the “descent of the Quran; so that the Bible is no longer authoritative. Closely connected with this idea is the claim that the Quran is in itself a compendium of all true and necessary teaching contained in the earlier books supplemented by further revelation.
(3) Occasionally the New Testament, as we have it, is declined for the quaint reason, held by some, that Jesus at the time of His Ascension took the original Injil with Him to heaven.
No matter what particular connotation the term muharraf may have for him, the Muslim almost invariably rests (the act is termed tahrif, a word. which, strictly speaking signifies the transposition of letters in words, thereby effecting “alteration”, but Muslims usually employ the term. when bringing a charge of textual corruption.) his case for the corruption of the Bible on what he thinks the Quran has to say about the question. For him that book is the final court of appeal, seeing that he believes it to contain only the ipsissima verba of God.
While reserving to ourselves the right to determine this matter on quite other grounds, we shall nevertheless find it profitable, both for, ourselves and for Muslims, if we make a close study of the numerous references in the Quran to our Scriptures. In an article of this size, however, a mere summary of our findings must suffice.
Support from the Quran for the Scriptures
The general impression provided in the Quran is that Muhammad, at any rate, believed in their divine origin and genuineness.
1. The Quran declares that God Himself gave these Scriptures to His Prophets:
a) To Moses (Taurat): The Pentateuch is clearly intended in all these passages.
b) To David the Psalms. (Zabur)
(c) To Jesus the Evangel (Injil)
2. The earlier books are invariably spoken of in terms of high praise:
(b) The Word of God:
(c) “Al Furqan”, i.e. the illumination a title of distinction applied also to the Quran (Al-Imran 3:4).
(d) ” a light and guidance to man (i.e. a decision for all matters), and a guidance and a mercy.
3. Other passages refer to the inspiration, authority and proper use of the Scriptures then in the possession of “the People of the Book”.
(a) Muhammad‘s inspiration was in line with the former prophets
(b) They have already the Taurat through which God judges the Jews:
(d) Jews and Christians are said to be diligent readers of their Scriptures:
(e) The Jews have inherited their book:
“But truly those who have inherited the Book after them are in suspicious (disquieting) doubt concerning it.”
(f) Jews and Christians are required not only to accept the Quran, but to believe in and observe the Taurat and Injil also.
The general tenor of all these passages, scattered throughout the Quran, establishes beyond question the fact that the earlier books were held by Muhammad to be genuine and authoritative, because of their divine origin. Indeed, his main argument with “the People of the Book” is just this accept the Quran also, because it confirms what was sent down before it: